Guide: Commercial rose farming business

14-01-2020    11:50   |    Farm News India

If you are planning for start to flower farming then Rose Farming Business is the profitable business for farmers. Here in this article, you will see the step by step information for Rose Farming Business in India. Rose is the king of all flowers and it is a very pretty flower which is grown in all around the world. Rose flower is praise for its beautiful look and aroma.

The scientific name of the rose is “Rosa” and it belongs from the “Rosaceae” family. Rose flowers and Rose oil are very demanded in the local market as well as in the global market. It places the first position in the international market.

Generally, rose plants are six ft high from the land. The Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and West Bengal are the most rose farming project state in India. The successful commercial rose farming process mostly depends on the varieties of rose flower. In latest technology, there are many rose planting methods are available but the rose cultivation in greenhouse method is very famous and convenient for rose plants.

In pots
On the terrace
Open fields
Green house
Poly house

Climate Required For Growing Roses

Roses are grown well in tropical and subtropical weather condition in the worldwide. The perfect temperature conditions for rose farming techniques in between 15 °C to 28 °C. Rose plants at list require 5 to 6 hours the sunlight during the growth phase and flowering period. Generally, the sunshine requires in moisture weather condition area or in a cloudy situation. Roses also grow well at below 15°C temperature.

Best Soil Required For Rose Farming Business

For profitable rose farming business, you can require the soil PH in between 6 to 7.5 it is the best PH for getting the high yield. Rose plants are growing well in sandy loam soils with high organic matter and also have a high content of oxygen. If you have a 30cm long soil then you must be required approximately 30% of organic matter.

Land Preparation And Planting For Rose Farming Business

Rose flowers are generally cultivated by using the seeds, budding and cuttings but most of the farmers are planting rose flower by using seeds. In rose farming business, first of all, plow the soil for making it weed free and tilth soil. You can be sowing the rose seed in the nursery beds or pits before 4 to 6 weeks of planting the plants in the main field. Also, create the 60 to 90 cm deep and 60 to 90 cm across pits or beds for sowing rose seeds. After that fill the beds or pits by using some soil and decomposed farm yard manure (FMY) and provide irrigation.

In between November to January farmers sowing the rose seeds in nursery beds and before monsoon rose plants are ready for planting in the main field. When the rose plants come from the nursery immediately planting them in the main field. At evening time or after the afternoon it’s considered as the best time for Planting the rose plant.

If you are planting the rose plant in the one-acre land then must keep the line to line distance 5ft and plant to plant distance 5 ft. You can approximately be planting the 4000 rose plant in a one-acre land. Time in between September to October is the optimum season for planting the rose plant in the farm. Rose plants require pruning one time in a year that is done in November, December, and January.

Homemade Fertilizer For Rose Plants In Rose Farming Business

When you preparing land for the rose farming project then mostly use the organic matter don’t use the chemical fertilizer. If you are using the chemical for rose farming process then you can not get the good quality in rose water or oil. By using the organic fertilizer you will get the high-quality based rose flower.

You can make the organic fertilizer by using the cow urine, tobacco, Datura(Angel’s trumpets). First of all Mixing well this three material and buried in the land for one month. After a one month, you will get the ready pesticide and you can apply on the rose plant. You can only use this organic fertilizer 1 kg or l litter in one-acre land.

If you want to use the chemical fertilizer then apply the 8 grams nitrogen, 8 grams Phosphorus, and 16 grams Potassium per plant. After the pruning, in three-months interval apply the 10 kg decomposed farm yard manure (FYM) and above chemical fertilizer to rose plants.

Best Irrigation System For Rose Farming

There are many irrigation systems are available in latest technology like drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, micro jet, and basin irrigation but rose flower plant requires less water compared to other flower farming. So, the drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation systems are suitable for the rose farming business.

After transplanting the rose plant in the main field irrigation is required immediately. In starting, days rose plants require irrigation daily or one time in two days. After some day it requires irrigation one time in a week.

Diseases And Pests In Rose Farming

Most Common Rose Insect Pests

Two-spotted mite
Rose Slugs (Rose Sawflies)
Curculio beetles
Japanese beetles
Scale insects
Leaf Cutting Bee
Rose chafer
Metallic flea-beetles
Diseases Of Rose Plant

Crown gall rot
Black Spot
Powdery Mildew
Downy mildew
Grey mould
Verticillium wilt
Sooty moulds
Nematodes, parasitic
Rose mosaic
Rose wilt
Rose rosette disease
Reference: Wikipedia

Harvesting Of Rose Flowers

Rose flowers are ready for harvesting from the main field when the flower get the bright color petals.In the first year, rose plants are prepared for the flowering and in the second year you will get a good yield from this rose flowers. Rose plants obtain the flowering in March after the 45 to 50 days of pruning. Generally, rose flowers can stay 40 days on the plant. The rose flowers mostly picked by hands at early morning.

After the harvesting rose flowers are immediately put in the water bucket then it’s transferred into the cold storage. Rose flowers require 2 to 5°C temperature in cold storage.

What is the use of Rose?

Depending on the Roses varieties and species rose flowers and its petals are used in various things.

Rose water
Rose oil
Floral arrangements
Presentation of gifts or Decoration of gifts
Ornamental use
Use in medicinal
Culinary purposes
Use for expressing feelings
Used for making perfumes and scented products
Rose Names In Different Languages

Gulab (Urdu, Hindi)
장미과의 식물
Changmi (Korean)
玫瑰 (Chinese)
Rosa (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka)
ดอกกุหลาบ (Thai)
Hoa hồng (Vietnamese)
Rosa (Filipino)
गुलफ (Nepali)
Roos (Dutch)
Pоза (Russin)
warda (Arabic)
Muikuix (Taiwanese)
Roja puvvu (Telugu)
Roja (Tamil)
Gulābi (Konkani)
গোলাপ (Bengali)
Gulab (Gujarati)
Glaba (Oriya)
ਗੁਲਾਬ (Punjabi)
গুলাব (Manipuri)
Gulab (Marathi)
Gulabi (Kannada)
Penimirpushpam (Malayalam)
Different Varieties Of Roses With Names

There are various type of roses varieties are available in worldwide which has a different color like red, pink, white, yellow, maroon, orange. This are the commercial varieties of roses which have a good demand in the national and international flower market throughout the year.

Old roses: Lady Banks, Rose de Rescht, Green Rose, Yolande d’Aragon, Francis Dubreuil, Baronne Prevost.
Modern/hybrid: Floribunda, Grandiflora, Hybrid tea rose, Fragrant Plum, Gold Metal, Amber Queen, Iceberg.
Wild/species roses: Rugosa rose, Multiflora rose.
Miniature rose: Kristin, Rise n’ shine, Magic Carrousel, Child’s Play, Baby boomer.
Climbing roses: Mme. Alfred Carriere Climbing Rose, Zepherine Drouhin Climbing Rose, Sombreuil Climbing Rose, Renae Climbing Rose, New Dawn Climbing Rose.
Shrub roses: Ballerina, Mister Lincoln, Peace.
Tree/standard roses

Health Benefits Of Rose Flower For Human

The rose flower petals are used for the weight loss.
It also works as natural aphrodisiac.
Different rose flower petals are relieve stress and depression.
The rose flower petals help to combat symptoms of piles.
The rose flower petals are a well-known astringent.
The rose water can be used to treat acne naturally.
Rose water makes your skin young and healthy.
It is beneficial for skin and its troubles.
Rose water and rose tea good for women.
Rose makes the immune system stronger.
Cures sore throat.
Improves digestive powers.
Rose water is the cure for constipation and diarrhea.
Maintains urinary tract health.
Natural stress buster.

Rose Flower Yield

In rose farming yield of rose flowers mainly depends on the climate, field management, irrigation, variety and quality of seeds, and fertilizers. If you have a proper land and good farm management then you can get the 10 lakh flowers/ha/year.

In the national and inter national market, rose flowers are very demanded. So, you can get the good returns from the Rose Farming Business. This all information that is required for any farmer or investor to grow a commercial rose flower.

I hope I have covered the all informative details for the rose farming process. If you like this information then please gives your review in the comment box and share this information with you other investor/ farmers friends.

Source: Farm News India
Photo by Tiffany Chan on Unsplash


Comments (15)

Suman yadav at 31.05.2020

Very good. Satisfied

Christian Dewona Ahlibi at 15.06.2020

Dear Sir,

I am Christian Dewona Ahlibi from Ghana. I am inrested in starting a project on rose flower production in a greenhouses area above half an acre (2500 sq. m) for the domestic market.

Please provide a quotation for rose planting material suitable greenhouse production with the above stated area in the tropical region including the freight cost to Tema port.

Waiting for your soonest response and accept my best wishes


Rakesh kumar sharma at 01.10.2020

Can we use used tea leaves in rose farming as organic fertilizer.

Sajid at 05.10.2020

I am Sajid from Kerala. I want to start rose farming. Can you tell me from where I can get high quality Rose plants or seed for cultivation? Looking for your earliest response.


Parmjit s rana at 13.10.2020

Hi I want to start rose cultivation for rose oil and water kindly suggest me

Ranjit S Saini at 14.10.2020

What are the preferred types of rose plant types for the making of Gulkand. Is there a plant type that flowers year round. I am interested in climbing type as well as regular plants. The location is Punjab, India

C D Patel at 22.11.2020

best detail farming

C D Patel at 22.11.2020

best detail farming

C D Patel at 22.11.2020

best detail farming

UJOH at 17.12.2020


If you want to go into flower farm business, There are so many company website this days like that will enable you as a beginner to raise the fund you need to start up your flower farm business without you seeking for a loan.

This company is where many business dealers from all over the world generate fund that backup their various businesses financially.

I used this company to backup my cocoa beans export business each time am running loss financially.

You can visit and register with the company website here to raise the fund you need now to go into your flower farm business now.

Amit at 02.01.2021

Rose cultivation project is profitable...only farm practices need to be practiced.
Good red soil
Farm yard manure
And fertigation program to be planned for good production.
Rose take 45 days to be ready for market ,,so planning is important, specifically for valentine's export market.

syed at 25.01.2021

I am looking for good nutrient and fertilizer management for my rose crop . Experts advice and support required.

Milena at 02.02.2021

Hi there, I'm hoping to find some help. I am looking for organic rose petals, from India or anywhere else available. Fresh roses/petals that can be eaten safely by humans. I am browsing around the internet for a while now but can't seem to find the right supplier.

Could you or someone maybe help me any further?

Thanks in advance

ujoh kelvin at 20.02.2021


If you want to go into flower farm business, There are so many company platform this days like that will enable you as a beginner to raise the fund you need to start up your flower farm business without you seeking for a loan.

This company platform is where so many business dealers from different part of the world raise funds to backup their various businesses financially.

I used this company to backup my cocoa beans export business each time my business is running down financially.

You can visit and register with the company website here to raise the fund you need now to start up your flower farm business now.

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