A study by the Benguet State University (BSU) has helped farmers in Philippines increase yield and quality of cut flowers by lessening pesticide use.
Dr. Carlito Laurean, vice president for research and extension, said the study “Science and Technology Community-Based Farm (STCBF) on Spray Chrysanthemum Production” by BSU and the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic, and Natural Resources Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST-PCAARRD) then intervened and administered Good Agricultural Practices and lessened pesticide use and increased yield.
The study also claims that it has helped reduce cancer risk of farmers and promote safe gardening.
Laurean said five barangays in La Trinidad were studied on pesticide application and found the likelihood of cancer among chrysanthemum flower farmers.
Starting 2016, the project focused on 30 chrysanthemum farmers in barangays Bineng, Beckel, Ambiong, Lubas and Shilan, all in the Municipality of La Trinidad with a budget of P5 million.
Laurean said the move has increased yield making more profit as well as quality of cut flowers without the use of harmful chemicals.
The study showed former chrysanthemum farms yielded a dozen per square meter with a P10,798 profit.
The study found farmers’ use massive amounts of chemical fertilizers was replaced by application of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) with BSU-PCAARRD organic fertilizers.
After the intervention, farms saw an increase of 1.5 dozens per square meter with a P24,166 profit.
The study also produced the highest number of good quality under classes AA (80 cm stem length) and class L (70 cm) of spray-type chrysanthemum.
The project spearheaded by Laurean, together Teresita Mangili, Fely Ticbaen and Andy Colte is now on its second phase with a budget of P3 million with the backing of La Trinidad Mayor Romeo Salda.
Chrysanthemum production is one of the biggest sources of income for farmers in La Trinidad and nearby municipalities.
In 2003, chrysanthemum ranked number one in terms of production volume with 10,610 MT contributing 46 percent of all cut flowers produced due to high demands for cut flowers in Metro Manila.
From 2000 to 2007, CAR produced 10,237 metric ton or 42 percent of the total production in the country.
In 2015, La Trinidad was the number one chrysanthemum cut flower producer in CAR and in the Philippines with the highest volume of harvest of 11.424M thousand dozens.
Photo credit: Pixnio, CC0 Public Domain.